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Often times the s of cocaine addiction can be difficult to identify. One of the most important steps in the recovery journey is understanding the s, symptoms and side effects of barbiturate addiction. Understanding Cocaine Addiction. Cocaine, a purified extract of the Erythroxylum coca bush, is anything but glamorous. Cocaine use often le to cocaine addiction and long-term use of cocaine can cause life-threatening heart conditions, effect the brain, and leave users emotionally and mentally exhausted and overwrought. Two major forms of cocaine are available on the street: powdered cocaine and crack cocaine.
Each form of cocaine causes a different type of high experienced by the user. The high achieved by snorting powdered cocaine lasts between 15 and 30 minutes, while the high achieved from injecting cocaine is more intense, but a shorter lasting high. Smoking crack creates a high that lasts 5 to 10 minutes. The duration of the high achieved by using cocaine in either form is relatively short, so many people who abuse cocaine do so in a binge and crash pattern.
This type of cocaine usage means that a user takes cocaine often in a relatively short period of time to sustain the high caused by the cocaine. This type of behavior can lead to cocaine addiction. Cocaine addiction is a long-term, chronic, relapsing disease that is caused by changes in the structure and function of the brain leading to, among other problems, intense drug-seeking behaviors and cravings. Cocaine works as a stimulant that affects the central nervous system by increasing the levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter, in the brain.
Dopamine is usually released in response to a potential reward stimulus — such as looking at a great meal — then recycled back into the brain cell that released it. This stops the al between the two brain cells. Cocaine, however, disturbs this process, preventing dopamine from being recycled back into the brain cells.
This causes large amounts of dopamine between cells in the brain, which increases the effects of dopamine and the manner in which the reward system in the brain operates. Users report that they talk fast, think quickly, and feel their heart racing. They often twitch and forget to eat or drink. That mood is prone to violent changes as they become angry or convinced that someone is out to get them. All of the good feelings caused by a cocaine high wear off and the crash that comes causes intense sadness and exhaustion that can last days.
Only taking more of the drug can prevent these feelings. Without proper treatment and intervention, cocaine addiction can cause life-threatening consequences. Cocaine use and abuse continues to be a growing problem in the United States and is considered to be one of the most abused stimulants in America. Recently, cocaine has been named as the drug most often involved in visits to the emergency room. More men than women abuse cocaine each month.
Adults between the ages of 18 and 25 report higher rates of cocaine usage with 1. Cocaine has been and continues to be a growing drug problem in the United States. Causes and Risk Factors. People try drugs for many reasons. Many are curious and want to have fun. Others try because their friends are doing it. Some take drugs to increase their athletic or intellectual abilities. Still others use drugs to relieve problems like stress or anxiety. Addiction is considered a disease with many factors — genetic, environmental, biological, and psychological — that work together to create addiction.
Genetic : People who have a first degree relative, like a parent or sibling, tend to have higher rates of addiction. Biological : Research indicates that long-term cocaine usage changes the structure and function in the brain that can lead to change in the level of the protein in the brain that is responsible for dopamine action within the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that le to pleasurable sensations within the brain. Environmental : Research suggests that people who come from homes where there is a history of child abuse, traumatic events, or child neglect may have an increased chance of developing addiction later in life.
Early usage of drugs can also increase the likelihood that a person will become addicted to drugs later in life. Psychological : Many individuals use recreational drugs like cocaine in order to help manage symptoms of another mental illness like bipolar disorder or depression.
Cocaine can fill a very empty emotional void for some. s and Symptoms. Cocaine addiction is an addiction to a very potent drug, which means that correctly identifying the ways in which a cocaine addict will display symptoms can be a challenge. The following is a list of some of the common s and symptoms of cocaine abuse:.
Co-Occurring Disorders. Effects of Withdrawal. While very unpleasant, cocaine withdrawal is rarely serious unless complicated by suicidal ideation. Symptoms of cocaine withdrawal tend to last only one or two weeks and may include the following:. Statistics Cocaine addiction statistics Cocaine use and abuse continues to be a growing problem in the United States and is considered to be one of the most abused stimulants in America.
Causes and Risk Factors Causes and risk factors for cocaine addiction People try drugs for many reasons. s and Symptoms s and symptoms of cocaine addiction Cocaine addiction is an addiction to a very potent drug, which means that correctly identifying the ways in which a cocaine addict will display symptoms can be a challenge. Co-Occurring Disorders Cocaine addiction and co-occurring disorders Anxiety disorders Other addictions Benzodiazepine abuse Alcoholism and alcohol abuse Depression.
Effects of Withdrawal Effects of withdrawal from cocaine While very unpleasant, cocaine withdrawal is rarely serious unless complicated by suicidal ideation. Symptoms of cocaine withdrawal tend to last only one or two weeks and may include the following: Depression Anxiety Inability to feel pleasure Exhaustion Challenges in concentration Intense craving for cocaine Body aches Pain Tremors and shakiness Chills. Cocaine Addiction Treatment. Start the Admissions Process.
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