Added: Marjan Nassar - Date: 15.04.2022 11:33 - Views: 32011 - Clicks: 6389
HIV infects humans and causes damage by taking over cells in the immune system—the part of the body that usually works to fight off germs, bacteria and disease. When that happens, the body may not be able to fight off certain types of illnesses or cancers. If the infection is not detected and treated, the immune system gradually weakens and AIDS develops.
HIV and AIDS are terms that are often used together, and sometimes are used interchangeably, though they are not the same thing. If you are worried about a recent potential exposure, go to the emergency room and ask for PEP post-exposure prophylaxis as soon as you can. Effectiveness is increased the earlier PEP is begun after the exposure. You can have HIV and not have any symptoms, and some HIV tests will not show a positive result for as long as three months after infection.
These might include:. You could get sick enough to go to the emergency room or just feel a little unwell. Sometimes, the flu is just the flu. After the acute phase, the virus typically becomes less active in the body for as long as 10 years, during which you might have no symptoms at all.
An HIV test will detect the virus during this period. The s of HIV infection are easy to miss or misinterpret. There is not one set of symptoms that defines AIDS. When immune system damage is severe, people experience opportunistic infections. Today, a person may also be diagnosed with AIDS if they are living with HIV and have a CD4 cell a type of immune system cell count below cells per cubic millimeter, even without an opportunistic infection. You cannot get HIV from kissing.
What else do you want to know? Read on! How do you get infected with HIV? How is HIV transmitted? How do you catch HIV? How do you get AIDS? HIV can only be transmitted from a person living with HIV who has a detectable viral load to another person through direct contact of the following bodily fluids:.
HIV may pass from one person to another any time there is contact with semen, pre-cum, vaginal fluids or blood. HIV is oftentimes transmitted during sex and when using injection drugs and sharing needles. Mothers can also transmit HIV to their babies before or during birth or while breastfeeding, although this is very rare in the U. That means, you probably will not get HIV from giving or receiving oral sex. Having cuts or sores in your mouth, gum disease, having a sexually-transmitted infection STI in your throat, or recent dental work increases your risk.
Although the chance of getting infected with HIV from oral sex is very low, you can get other STIs such as gonorrhea and chlamydia if you give or receive oral sex. You can prevent STI infection during oral sex by using a condom or dental dam.
The most common means of becoming HIV positive for men who have sex with men is bottoming without a condom. If you test positive for HIV, there are really effective treatments that can help you stay healthy and live a long time. It may be appropriate for you to start medication immediately.
Starting PEP as soon as possible after exposure is best. A trained test counselor will help assess your risk and recommend whether or not PEP is right for you. Ask your local HIV organization or medical provider what type of test they are offering.
They will be able to give you more information about how long it might take for a person with HIV to test positive with the test they are using. The sooner you address the possibility, the better for you and your future sexual partners. For this reason, we recommend that people who are having sex get tested every three months. Routine testing is painless and ensures that if you do get infected, you can start treatment right away. Do you think you may have been exposed to HIV? Find a test location — a trained counselor will help you get tested and make a plan. You can still get HIV from someone who is in the window period.
Rapid HIV antibody tests do not test the virus itself. It takes your body up to three months to produce HIV antibodies at levels that can be detected by this test. The p24 antigen can be detected in the body earlier than antibodies. According to the manufacturer :.
These tests are more expensive than antibody tests, so are not offered in as many places. PCR tests polymerase chain reaction tests also test for the actual virus. Anonymous and confidential HIV tests use the same testing method. The only difference is that one does not have your name attached to the . Anonymous testing means that absolutely no one other than you has access to your test since your name is not recorded at the test site.
It is always a good idea to contact the testing clinic directly to confirm what type of test is available. Confidential HIV antibody testing means that you and the health care provider know your , and it may be recorded in your medical file at the testing site. Some clinics offer confidential testing to make it easier for you to access your own at a later date, or to make it easier to track the of unique new cases that are being found.
As a condition of funding, some local governments require confidential testing rather than anonymous testing. This makes it easier for agencies to distinguish new HIV infections from cases of someone testing positive in multiple locations.
Even if the testing facility does not offer anonymous testing, your test are protected by HIPAA regulations , which require health facilities to tightly protect your medical records so that only you and authorized people may see them. Learn more about HIV Testing. Note that certain tests are not conclusive; your HIV test counselor will let you know if a re-test is appropriate. There have been many advances in HIV treatments and therapies in recent years that have dramatically improved the quality of life for people with HIV.
People are living longer and healthier with HIV than we used to think was possible. Even some elite controllers opt to take antiretrovirals to reduce the damage caused by HIV to their immune system. Both of these people were being treated for cancer and underwent intense therapy and a stem cell bone marrow transplant using HIV-immune cells. This is a very intensive, high-risk procedure. Read about the science behind the these cases on the section of our blog called BETA.
There are also cases of HIV-infected infants born to HIV-positive mothers that were given antiretroviral medications soon after birth that had been thought to be functionally cured of HIV. Want to know more about progress towards a cure for HIV? Some treatments are a single tablet.
Long-acting injectable medications are likely to be approved and available soon. Medicine has come a long way since the first HIV treatment options became available in the s. People who become undetectable cannot transmit the virus to others. Without HIV medications, the virus replicates makes copies of itself which causes the amount of virus in the body to increase. Then, the amount of HIV in the body goes down. Very high viral lo can be over , copies per milliliter. If you are undetectable, you will still test positive on common HIV antibody tests because they do not measure viral load, but rather antibodies to the virus that persist despite changes in the level of virus in the bloodstream.
about undetectable. San Francisco has made incredible progress in reducing HIV transmission, but not everyone has benefited equally. Find out what we must do to get to zero. What is AIDS? HIV is a virus. Clinical Latency Stage After the acute phase, the virus typically becomes less active in the body for as long as 10 years, during which you might have no symptoms at all. Not only is it extremely effective, but there are also payment assistance programs to help you pay for it. Find PrEP. HIV is not transmitted by kissing.
Generally: Oral sex is a great way to minimize your exposure to HIV. Oral, anal and vaginal sex with a condom can prevent HIV transmission. For men who have sex with men, topping without a condom is less likely to transmit HIV than bottoming without a condom. People living with HIV who take their medications and remain virally suppressed are undetectable do not transmit HIV to other people.
Get Tested. What does this mean for you? If you test negative on a fourth generation HIV test or lab assay that detects HIV antigens part of the HIV virus in addition to antibodies after three or four weeks after possibly being infected, you are very likely HIV-negative. If you test negative on an antibody test taken three months or longer after your last possible risk of possible exposure to HIV, you are likely HIV-negative. The person who gives you your HIV test will have additional information about the window period.
Four to six weeks up to three months after infection, most people will have enough antibodies to test positive.Hiv from giving oral sex
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Can You Get HIV from Oral Sex?