Added: Jeanelle Neely - Date: 13.12.2021 04:38 - Views: 18610 - Clicks: 5441
In the early s, several studies reported the misuse of codeine and promethazine hydrochloride cough syrup. Since then, the combination of this pharmaceutical, together with sprite or alcohol, known on the streets as "purple drank" or "lean", has become a popular drug among rap singers who promote its tranquilizing and euphoric effects through their music and videos. This review examines the "purple drank" phenomenon, taking into consideration its clinical and social implications. The study was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science as search engines, applying several inclusion and exclusion criteria and the string "Purple AND drank", resulting in records.
Seven papers that met our criteria were found. The risk of bias assessment, when applicable, was also considered, resulting in a low level of risk. Epidemiological data highlighted a heterogeneous diffusion of the misuse of this mixture, which is not exclusively linked to a specific type of user African-American teenagers, athletes, and rappers , as ly reported in American newspapers and in the social media. New digital tools should be taken into consideration for further social and medical evaluations of this phenomenon. Keywords: Purple Drank; codeine abuse; opioids; promethazine abuse; social subgroups.
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Cite Display options Display options. Abstract In the early s, several studies reported the misuse of codeine and promethazine hydrochloride cough syrup. Similar articles Purple drank prevalence and characteristics of misusers of codeine cough syrup mixtures. Agnich LE, et al. Addict Behav. Epub Apr 4. PMID: Garcin L, et al. Arch Pediatr. Epub Sep PMID: French. Beliefs and social norms about codeine and promethazine hydrochloride cough syrup CPHCS use and addiction among multi-ethnic college students.
Peters R Jr, et al. J Psychoactive Drugs. Prescription of Controlled Substances: Benefits and Risks. Preuss CV, et al. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Florida Controlled Substance Prescribing. Dydyk AM, et al. See all similar articles. Schifano F, et al. Front Psychiatry. Elliott L, et al. Drug Alcohol Depend. Epub Apr Publication types Systematic Review Actions. MeSH terms Adolescent Actions. Female Actions. Humans Actions. Male Actions. Young Adult Actions.
Substances Antitussive Agents Actions. Promethazine Actions. Codeine Actions. Copy Download.Effects of dirty sprite
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