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ing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. During the prolonged darkness of winter, the air over the huge snow- and ice-covered surfaces of Canada may stagnate for weeks, radiating heat to outer space. An atmospheric inversion where temperatures increase rather than decrease with height covers the entire Arctic region for much of the winter. As an arctic high pressure intensifies, cold air naturally moves to areas of lower pressure and pushes southward across the middle of the continent. Often a low pressure system moving from the West will draw the cold arctic air into the rear of a developing storm, causing strong winds, blowing snow and rapidly falling temperatures.
These cold fronts curve across the Prairies and cause most of the winter weather in central and Eastern Canada. Only Vancouver Island and the southwest coast of British Columbia have average winter temperatures above the freezing mark. Snag , Yukon, has the dubious distinction of recording the lowest temperature in Canada at For more than a week before that day, cold air from northeastern Siberia stalled over the Yukon. Skies were clear, winds calm, visibility unlimited and 38 cm of snow lay on the ground. An exhaled breath of air made a hissing sound as it froze and created vapour trails that extended m above the ground for minutes before disappearing.
Exposed skin froze in less than 3 minutes. Eureka, on Ellesmere Island , Nunavut, is Canada's coldest weather station. The average annual temperature is In February , it recorded the lowest average monthly temperature ever in Canada or North America, a numbing On February 15, the station also eclipsed its all-time low with a reading of A long-standing cold weather legend is that the coldest corner in Canada is at Portage Ave and Main St in downtown Winnipeg.
The truth is, there are no official temperature measurements at any street corner in Canada to confirm the coldest intersection. The lowest reading at the airport was White River is not even the coldest place in Ontario, let alone Canada. That notoriety belongs to Iroquois Falls which, at White River's record low temperature looks almost mild by comparison at Its reputation for coldest area is probably based on the fact that for many years White River was "the coldest in the nation today" of the handful of stations reporting daily temperature extremes in newspapers and on radio.
Temperatures from the volunteer observing stations, however, were not available for daily broadcast because the observers mailed their records of extremes to Environment Canada only once a month. Cold weather superlatives abound in Canada. For example, of cities in the world over a population of , Winnipeg has the coldest midwinter temperature. Ottawa is the second coldest national capital, next to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
Canada is the coldest country in the world: average all the daily temperature observations year-round and you get a chilling How do you like your weather? Canadian weather trivia from the Canadian Tourism Commission. Search The Canadian Encyclopedia. Remember me. I forgot my password. Why up? Create . Suggest an Edit. suggested edit s to this article in the form field below. Accessed 12 October In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published February 07, ; Last Edited March 04, The Canadian Encyclopedia , s.
Thank you for your submission Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. Article by David Phillips. A glacier is formed by the compaction of snow into ice crystals and commonly also contains air, water and rock debris Colour Library Books.
Snow is a form of ice that forms in the atmosphere in cold conditions and falls to earth Corel Professional Photos. The northern Yukon underwent folding, granitic intrusion and uplift to create the Arctic Cordillera photo by Barbara Brundege and Eugene Fisher.
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