Added: Akua Barefield - Date: 16.05.2022 20:33 - Views: 31473 - Clicks: 5683
Human immunodeficiency virus HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system. Only certain body fluids — blood, semen, vaginal fluid, anal fluid, and breast milk — can spread HIV. Pregnant people with HIV can transmit the virus to their child during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding. It can only be transmitted when certain fluids from an HIV-positive person move directly into the bloodstream or through mucous membranes of an HIV-negative person. Saliva contains enzymes that break down the virus before it has a chance to spread. Blood, however, does carry HIV. In the rare case that an HIV-positive person has blood in their mouth — and the person receiving an open-mouth kiss has an actively bleeding wound in the mouth too such as bleeding gums, cuts, or open sores — an open-mouth kiss could result in transmission of the virus.
Sharing a toilet or bath with an HIV-positive person carries no risk of transmission. Sharing swimming pools, saunas, or hot tubs with an HIV-positive person is also safe. Even if the food has blood containing HIV on it, exposure to air, saliva, and stomach acid would destroy the virus before it could be transmitted. A person living with HIV can only transmit the virus through certain bodily fluids if they have a detectable viral load.
These fluids include:. For transmission of the virus to occur, these fluids then must make contact with a mucous membrane like the vagina, penis, rectum, or mouth , a cut or injury, or be injected straight into the bloodstream. Having a better understanding about HIV transmission not only prevents the spread of HIV, but also prevents the spread of misinformation. PEP can stop the virus from becoming an infection. It must be taken within 72 hours of the contact to be effective. Read this article in Spanish. Jahlove is an HIV prevention advocate.
He guides us through discussions with resources across the country who work to improve people's access to PrEP. Learn how to have a safe and healthy relationship with a partner who has HIV. Get the facts on helping a partner manage their HIV, medications that….
Discover the best time to be tested for HIV. Discussing HIV-related issues can be difficult or uncomfortable to bring up. Use the following guide as a blueprint for how to get the conversation…. Find out how it has impacted his life. Health Conditions Discover Plan Connect. What You Should Know. Medically reviewed by Daniel Murrell, M. How HIV is transmitted. The bottom line. True Serodiscordant Love Stories. PrEP vs.
Read this next. Partners Living with HIV.Can i kiss someone with hiv
email: [email protected] - phone:(214) 732-9818 x 6447
knowledge is power get informed